5 Write an introduction. Before you present the main body of your essay, you will need to provide a little background on the topic. It is often easiest to write the introduction after you have already drafted the rest of your essay. The intro doesnt have to be an exhaustive overview just enough information to help set the stage and tell the reader the basics of what they need to know. Your introduction should also include a clear summary of the main point of your essay, and a breakdown of how you plan to approach the topic. 12 For example: In 1910, an anonymous poem entitled Ode to a tufted Titmouse appeared in the winter issue of Bertrams Bogus Ballads quarterly. The poem was eventually republished in a compilation edited.
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9 The basic essay structure of your outline could look something like this: Introduction Body point 1, with supporting evidence point 2, with supporting evidence point 3, with supporting evidence counter-argument(s) your refutation of the counter-argument(s) Conclusion 3 Present your argument in detail. After the introduction comes the body of the essay. This is the main part of the essay, consisting of several paragraphs in which you present the major arguments and evidence in support of your thesis. 10 Each paragraph should include a topic sentence that clearly states the main point of the paragraph. For example: The poem is characterized by several stylistic features that occur in numerous examples of roodles work, including alliteration, humorous synecdoche, and malapropisms. 4 Support each statement with examples, evidence, and an analysis. Its not enough to simply make a claim. In order to make your argument convincing, you must provide concrete evidence and an analysis of the evidence. In each body paragraph, include a topic sentence (which is the main idea evidence that supports the topic sentence, and an analysis of the evidence that links back to the thesis of the essay and the topic sentence of the paragraph. 11 For example, compare the alliterative phrase timid and tremulous twittering, which appears in the first stanza of Ode to a tufted Titmouse, with mild and melodious meowing, which appears in the second stanza of roodles 1904 poem, sadie: a cat. By contrast, alliteration is almost completely absent from the contemporary works of Reginald Huffbottom.
This is where you get to explain, in clear, concise terms, the paper main argument that you are planning to make in your essay. State your thesis in 1-2 sentences, then work on building an outline and essay that supports your thesis. 8 The thesis should be included toward the end of your introduction along with a brief outline of the evidence you will use to support your thesis. An example of a thesis statement is, a growing body of evidence suggests that Ode to a tufted Titmouse may in fact have been written by huffbottoms lesser-known contemporary, georgina roodles. In addition to the poems numerous stylistic parallels to roodles known works, private letters between roodles and her brother demonstrate that she was keenly interested in ornithology at the time that Tufted Titmouse was published. 2 make an outline. Once you have narrowed down your topic and done your research, start organizing your thoughts. Write a list of the most important points that you would like to touch on, in the order in which you plan to address them.
Is the article written in an objective, unbiased manner? Is the article written for an academic audience? Is the content intended to be educational? How does the url end? Generally, sites that end. Gov are more reputable than sites that end. Part 3 Constructing your Essay 1 Create a clear thesis statement. Your thesis statement is the most important part of your essay.
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Depending on the subject matter, a primary source might be something like a video recording of an event, data from a laboratory experiment, an interview with an eyewitness, or a historical document, such as a monument, work of art, or memoir. 6 When you look at secondary sources, such as scholarly papers or news articles, you are seeing the data filtered through someone elses perspective. Looking at primary data allows you to interpret the evidence for yourself. Your instructor should specify whether you need to incorporate primary sources into your research, and if so, how to find and utilize them. If youre not sure, ask. 5 evaluate online sources carefully. While the internet offers a vast quantity of useful information for researchers, it essay can be hard to separate good-quality resources from bad ones.
In general, look for sources that are published on scholarly websites (such as university, library, or museum websites by reputable news organizations (such as the bbc, npr, or the Associated Press or by government organizations (like the epa or fda). When using online articles or other online sources, also consider these questions: 7 Are the authors credentials given? Is the author qualified to write on the subject? Does the author state where they got their information? Are you able to verify the sources?
Avoid popular publications and user-edited websites, such as wikipedia. 5 While wikipedia is often unreliable and is not considered an appropriate source for most academic writing, it can be a good starting point for research. Check the references section of the wikipedia article on your topic for useful sources. 3 read your sources critically. Just because information comes from an apparently reputable source (such as a peer-reviewed journal, a scholarly book, or a news article dont assume that it is correct.
Consider some of the following as you are doing your research: Where is the author getting their information? Do they provide credible sources? Does the author provide convincing evidence to back up their arguments? Does the author have any obvious biases or agendas that affect the way they present or interpret their information? 4 Incorporate primary sources, if applicable. A primary source is any type of first-hand or direct evidence about your topic.
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4 you may need to log in with your student id or institutional id to get access to many online scholarly databases, or access them through a school or library computer. Another good way to start shredder building your bibliography is to look at the reference list on an introductory overview of your subject, such as an encyclopedia entry. Your instructor, or your schools reference librarian, may also be able to recommend some good sources on your topic. 2 Choose appropriate sources. Look for sources that are reputable, well-sourced, and up-to-date. Ideally, most of your sources should have been published within the last 5-10 years. Scholarly books and peer-reviewed articles from academic journals are usually acceptable sources, as well as articles from reputable news organizations.
Unless you have been given a very specific assignment, you will probably need to pick a topic to focus. Before you start writing, figure aufbau out what the main point of your essay will be, and how you plan to approach. Choose a topic that really interests you, or that sparks a particular question you would like to answer. Part 2 Researching your Topic 1 take advantage of your schools resources to build your bibliography. The first step in writing an academic paper is finding good sources. Start by going to your librarys website and searching for keywords related to your topic. You can also use digital scholarly resources like worldCat, jstor, google Scholar, or ResearchGate.
most common citation styles are readily available online. For more detailed information, look for a style guide in your school library or bookstore. 4, ask for clarification if you dont understand something. Dont be afraid to ask your instructor any questions you may have about the assignment. Most instructors are happy to explain anything that might be unclear, or offer advice on how to approach the assignment. 2 5, narrow down your topic.
Have you been asked to compare and contrast two ideas, events, or literary or artistic works? 2, make note of any formatting requirements. Different instructors have different expectations regarding formatting. Check your assignment carefully for formatting guidelines. These might include things like line spacing, total essay length (in words, pages, or paragraphs font size, page numbers, or requirements for cover pages and section headings. If the formatting requirements arent on your assignment sheet, check the course syllabus or ask your instructor. Pay attention to citation style requirements. Depending on the subject matter and the personal preferences of your instructor, you may be required to use a particular citation style. In the us, for example: Essays on subjects in the social sciences owl usually use.
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