The more famous. Russell photograph could not include the Chinese workers photographed earlier participating in the joining of the rails ceremony because at the moment the famous photo was being taken it was after the conclusion of the ceremony and the Chinese workers were away from the two. Strobridge's boarding car, being honored and cheered by the cprr management. Ging cui, wong fook, and lee shao, three of the eight Chinese cprr workers who brought up the last rail at Promontory summit on may 10th, 1869 also participated in the Ogden 1919 50th Anniversary celebration. Cprr foreman, Amos. Bowsher, who wired the telegraphic connection at Promontory which sent the word out over the wires that the last spike had been driven later recalled : "It was certainly a cosmopolitan gathering. Irish and Chinese laborers who had set records in track laying that have never since been equalled joined with the cowboys, mormons, miners and Indians in celebrating completion of the railroad." A reporter for the san Francisco newsletter, may 15th, 1869, described the final moments.
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A few of the resume speakers mentioned the invaluable contributions of the Chinese. " — national Park service. "Chinese at laying Last rail uprr. May be the only photographic record of the Chinese role in the last rail ceremony; The view event clearly shows at least one Chinese worker and a partner with rail-laying tools appearing to adjust the last rail laid (from the cprr side with a wooden track. Showing the moment the last rails were actually laid. It really does confirm the eyewitness accounts. A crowd stands behind and fans away on both sides. Uprr locomotive "119" is prominent in the background. A couple of ladies are on shoulders to get a better look at the scene. Notice the textures in the clothing, a gentleman in the crowd wearing quite stylish sunglasses (the only one and some tools, shovels and fishplates laying on the ground. Stereoview and Caption courtesy of the Phil Anderson Collection.
They are paid from 30 to 35 in gold a month, out of which they board themselves. They are credited with having saved about 20 a month. Their workday is from sunrise to sunset, six days in the week. They spend Sunday washing and mending, gambling and smoking, and frequently, old timers will testify, in shrill-toned quarreling. . " — alta California, San Francisco, november 9, 1868. Without them it would be impossible to go on with the work. I can assure you the Chinese are moving the earth and rock rapidly. They prove nearly equal to white men in the amount of labor they perform, and are far more reliable. "When the railroad was completed on may 10, 1869, an eight man Chinese crew was selected to place the last section of rail a symbol to honor the dedication and hard work of these laborers.write
Many of them are becoming very expert in drilling, blasting, and other departments of rock work." From: "Report of the Chief Engineer upon Recent Surveys and Progress of Construction of the central revelation Pacific railroad of California." December, 1865. Courtesy of Lynn. Watch Bill george video chinese builders of Gold mountain. "Systematic workers these Chinese competent and wonderfully effective because tireless and unremitting in their industry. Order and industry then, as now, made for accomplishment. Divided into gangs of about 30 men each, they work under the direction of an American foreman. The Chinese board themselves. One of their number is selected in each gang to receive all wages and buy all provisions. They usually pay an American clerk 1 a month apiece is usual to see that each gets all he earned and is charged no more than his share of the living expenses.
Leland stanford pres't. Central Pacific railroad Statement Made to the President of the United States, and Secretary of the Interior, on the Progress of the work. Crocker., Printers, 92 j street, sacramento. Views Along the line of the pacific rail road. 7148 "John Chinaman on the railRoad." Union Pacific rail road. "The United States of America and the Emperor of China cordially recognize the inherent and inalienable right of man to change his home and allegiance, and also the mutual advantage of the free migration and emigration of their citizens and subjects respecctively, from one country. Some distrust was at first felt regarding the capacity af this class for the service required, but the experiment has proved eminently successful. They are faithful and industrions, and under proper supervision, soon become skillful in the performance of their duties.
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Without them it would be impossible to complete the western portion of this great national enterprrise, within the time required by the Acts of Congress. As a class they are quiet, peaceable, patient, industrious and economical—ready and apt to learn all the different kinds of work required in railroad building, they soon become as youth efficient as white laborers. More prudent and economical, they are contented with less wages. We find them organized into societies for mutual aid and assistance. These societies, that count their numbers by thousands, are conducted by shrewd, intelligent business men, who promptly advise their subordinates where employment can be found on the most favorable terms.
No system similar to slavery, serfdom or peonage prevails among these laborers. Their wages, which are always paid in coin, at the end of each month, are divided among them by their agents, who attend to their business, in proportion to the labor done by each person. These agents are generally American or Chinese merchants, who furnish them their supplies of food, the value of which they deduct from their monthly pay. We have assurances from leading Chinese merchants, that under the just and liberal policy pursued by the company, it will be able to procure during the next year, not less than 15,000 laborers. With this large force, the company will be able to push on the work so as not only to complete it far within the time required by the Acts of Congress, but so as to meet the public impatience.
The rugged mountains looked like stupendous ant-hills. . They swarmed with Celestials, shoveling, wheeling, carting, drilling and blasting rocks and earth, while their dull, moony eyes stared out from under immense basket-hats, like umbrellas. . At several dining camps we saw hundreds sitting on the ground, eating soft boiled rice with chopsticks as fast as terrestrials could with soup-ladles. . Irish laborers received thirty dollars per month (gold) and board; Chinese, thirty-one dollars, boarding themselves. . After a little experience the latter were quite as efficient and far less troublesome.
— beyond the mississippi by Albert. Richardson "make masons out of Chinamen? Did they not build the Chinese wall, the biggest piece of masonry in the world? " —Charles Crocker, congressional Testimony "Wherever we put them, we found them good, and they worked themselves into our favor to such an extent that if we found we were in a hurry for a job of work, it was better to put Chinese. " —Charles Crocker "Chinese are faithful and industrious and, under proper supervision, some become skillful in the performance of their duty. Many of them are becoming very expert in drilling, blasting and other departments of rock work". Montague, chief Engineer, cprr annual report, 1865 chinese labor. A large majority of the white laboring class on the pacific coast find more profitable and congenial employment in mining and agricultural pursuits, than in railroad work. The greater portion of the laborers employed by us are Chinese, who constitute a large element in the population of California.
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Image of Chinese worker at cprr tunnel. 8, above, is a detail of Hart stereoview 204, from the. Archive-name: Congressional Record: April 29, 1999 (Extensions page E822 From the congressional Record Online via gpo access. Gov docid:cr29ap99-49 courtesy go2Net and Deja News. The cars now pdf (1867) run nearly to the summit of the sierras. Four thousand laborers were at work—one-tenth Irish, the rest Chinese. . They were a great army laying siege to nature in her strongest citadel. .
Chinese, had built the transcontinental railroad over the sierras and into the interior plains. On may reality 10, 1869, the two railroads were to meet at Promontory, Utah in front of a cheering crowd and a band. Irish crew was chosen to lay the final ten miles of track, and it was completed in only twelve hours. Without the efforts of the Chinese workers in the building of America's railroads, our development and progress as a nation would have been delayed by years. Their toil in severe weather, cruel working conditions and for meager wages cannot be under appreciated. My sentiments and thanks go out to the entire. Chinese-American community for its ancestors' contribution to the building of this great Nation.
Central Pacific pointed out, "the Chinese made the Great Wall, didn't they?". The first Chinese were hired in 1865 sic at approximately 28 per month to do the very dangerous work of blasting and laying ties over the treacherous terrain of the high sierras. They lived in simply dwellings and cooked their own meals, often consisting of fish, dried oysters and fruit, mushrooms and seaweed. Work in the beginning was slow and difficult. After the first 23 miles, central Pacific faced the daunting task of laying tracks over terrain that rose 7,000 feet in 100 miles. To conquer the many sheer embankments, the Chinese workers used techniques they had learned in China to complete similar tasks. They were lowered by ropes from the top of cliffs in baskets sic, and while suspended, they chipped away at the granite and planted explosives that were used to blast tunnels. Many workers risked their lives and perished in the harsh winters and dangerous conditions. By the summer of 1868, 4,000 workers, two thirds of which were.
House of Representatives, Thursday, april 29, 1999. Speaker, today i rise to honor the Chinese-American community and pay tribute to its ancestors' contribution to the building of the American transcontinental railroad. On may 8th, the, colfax Area historical Society in my congressional District will place a monument along Highway 174 at Cape horn, near Colfax, california to recognize the efforts of the Chinese in laying the tracks that linked the east and west coasts for the. California Gold Rush and the opening of the west came an increased interest in building a transcontinental railroad. To this end, the central Pacific railroad Company was established, and construction of the route east from guaranteed Sacramento began in 1863. Although the beginning of the effort took place on relatively flat land, labor and financial problems were persistent, resulting in only 50 miles of track being laid in the first two years. Although the company needed over 5,000 workers, it only had 600 on the payroll by 1864.
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Chinese-american contribution to transcontinental railroad, central Pacific railroad Photographic History museum. Rights permissions; Homework, choose Another Page Museum homepage exhibits index —favorite cprr stereographs —Hart Stereoviews —New York public Library —muybridge Stereoviews —Union Pacific railroad —Unknowns —railroad Maps —Engravings —Ephemera and Collectibles —Nelson's guidebook, 1871 —railroads Shipped by sea year —Locomotive falcon Stereograph Catalogs read about —Lewis. Clement biography —Eastward to Promontory. . Chinese railroad Workers book list Online books Hopkins rr library catalog Links to other websites Webrings Frequently Asked questions How you can help / plans What's New Technical Notes Special Requests User Agreement Site map cprr. Org Welcome E-mail Search Internet 2014 cprr. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the. User Agreement which permits personal use web viewing only; no copying; arbitration; no warranty. Chinese-american contribution to transcontinental railroad (Click on image to enlarge) hON. Doolittle of California in the.