15 Small, easily portable instruments are more common than large ones, although larger items such as small drum kits and upright basses can be found at some filk circles. A large filk circle might play host to an array of folk and Celtic instruments such as fiddles, mandolins, dulcimers, banjos, flutes, recorders, bodhráns, bongos and darbukas. 16 Song presentation edit songs are presented very informally. They can be given with spoken introductions and explanations, or they can be simply played and allowed to speak for themselves. Songs can be chosen to fit the current mood or theme, or they may be chosen to deliberately change the mood. Songs can be performed by individuals, duos, groups, or groups hastily assembled from other participants. Songs can be accompanied by instruments or be performed a cappella. Songs can be original songs, covers, parodies, instrumentals, or even spoken-word pieces such as poetry and stories.
Parodies and Audio clips (Directory)
The disruption that results from attempting to enlarge a filk circle in progress can break up the holi flow of the songs and change the mood, so enlarging the circle is often avoided in favor of adding extra layers (concentric circles) outside the inner circle, space. Time of day edit Traditionally, filk circles are started in the evening and tend to continue very late into the night. 6 Of course, this depends upon the location, the participants, and the organizers. Filk circles have been known to continue all night, or at least into the early morning hours. Those organizing formal filk circles at conventions usually make arrangements with the hotel to have space available for the entire night. There are many exceptions to this; it's not uncommon to find a housefilk scheduled to start in the early afternoon and end in the early evening, for example, to allow participants to get home to sleep. Musical instruments edit At most filk circles, the participants are expected to bring their own musical instruments (if they play an instrument at all although sometimes you will find organizers or performers bringing a collection of extra instruments so that others may borrow or experiment. Most performers who bring instruments such as guitars are usually happy to loan their instruments to someone who comes to the circle without one. A wide range of instruments can be found in a filk circle, although the most common is the acoustic guitar. 6 Acoustic instruments are more common than electric instruments, although portable keyboards and even theremins are not unheard.
Filk circles can be formalized parts of larger events, such as being assigned a specific time and location on the schedule of a science essay fiction convention, or they can be completely informal and spontaneous, forming organically in hotel hallways and lobbies. Filk-specific conventions will usually have multiple filk circles happening simultaneously in different rooms, with some circles focused on a single style or topic. Local parties called housefilks are day-long events in which a single filk circle performs in the host's home. Physical layout edit a filk circle at a science fiction convention. As the name implies, a rough circle of chairs is usually formed. 6 The details depend on the available space and furniture, and it may not even end up being circular, or even have chairs at all. The purpose of the circular formation is both symbolic and functional: by having everyone face each other, it honors all participants as equals, it emphasizes both listening and performing, and it makes each participant visible to every other participant. Citation needed a formally organized filk circle can have the chairs set up ahead of time, with the organizers estimating the number of participants and adjusting the size of the circle as best they can. A circle that is too large for the number of participants tends to feel uncomfortably empty, but a circle that is too small must enlarge as the number of participants grows.
Filk circles are different from concert-style musical performances. Although filk music can also be performed in front of an audience, and there plan are concerts scheduled at filk conventions and science fiction conventions worldwide, filk circles are a more common occurrence. The purpose of a filk circle is for musicians to share songs with other musicians, so performing and listening are given equal emphasis. In a filk circle, there is no stage, there is no audience. Those who participate in a filk circle may choose to perform, to listen, or both. Performers may know only one song, or may know an extensive library of songs. Participants are usually encouraged to join in and sing along or play along on their instruments.
In the late 1980s, california filker kay shapero created the filk group on the fidonet hobbyist network of electronic bulletin boards. The later creation of other electronic forums — the Usenet group, a united Kingdom e-mail list filk_uk and the german language list, an irc channel devoted to filking, and a growing cluster of filkers blogging on livejournal (including a livejournal community 14 to pick. The availability of several hundred albums labeled filk, the proliferation of specialty filk conventions, and the continued growth of electronic means for community connections have led to an intensification of community building. A few years into the 21st century, filking as an identifiable community exists on at least three continents. On the album Precious Friend, pete seeger and Arlo guthrie perform "Old Time religion in a filk version. Most of the verses of this version were by gordon Dickson ; when seeger finally discovered this, after the album was issued, he sent royalties on to dickson. Filk circle edit filk music is most commonly performed in a gathering known as a filk circle. Similar to the Drum Circles and Bardic Circles found at sca events and other fannish events, filk circles can be formed in any location where filkers gather.
Calaméo - how to, write, rap, songs - tips to, write
Some convention organizers allotted hotel function space late at night for filkers, or filking occurred in hallways, bars or any other place that the filkers could find. Some convention organizers in the 1980s began inviting guests specifically for their filking. Some specialized conventions focused entirely on filk, beginning with FilkCon in Chicago in 1979, organized by margaret Middleton and Curt Clemmer, later joined by bayfilk in Northern California; the Ohio valley filk fest (ovff) in Columbus, Ohio; ConChord in Los Angeles and in San diego. These efforts grew to include raising funds for traveling filkers. The first was a british Filk fund. Then, in the early 1990s, several active organizers in North America created Interfilk, which is now the most active traveling filker fund. Beginning with British filker mike whitaker in 1992, 40 filkers were the beneficiaries of Interfilk subsidies in its first decade.
Ovff began presenting the pegasus Award annually for excellence in filk in 1984, and FilkOntario started the filk hall of Fame in 1995, honoring contributions to the community as well as to the music. After years of amateur tape recordings wallpaper made at filksings, a trickle of studio-produced albums and tapes began to arrive in the 1970s. These included Folk songs for Folk Who ain't been Yet, featuring Leslie fish and friends, and Children of the future by karen Willson. Off Centaur Publications was one of the first formal attempts to regularly produce and promote filk albums, followed by many others since. As the costs of amateur album file production dropped in the 1990s, more filkers created albums and, more recently, audio files available for downloading online. E-mail and the internet have also fostered the networking of self-identified filkers.
Tom Lehrer 's (non-filk) "Irish Ballad". History edit for the first few decades of the occasional science fiction convention, there had been late-night singing sessions in hotel rooms. Part of this practice may have been rooted in an older folk culture of fans. Some of the oldest filks coming out of fandom were protest songs with original words and music written by a group of New York fans called The futurians, and were written by Fred Pohl and Cyril Kornbluth (see damon Knight's book of the same name. With the break up of the city clubs common during the Great Depression, filking moved to science fiction conventions, often in the form of late-night singing sessions in hotel rooms, lobbies, service passages, or wherever else the filkers could find enough room to play/sing music.
In the early 1950s, the term filk music started as a misspelling of folk music in an essay by lee jacobs, "The Influence of Science fiction on Modern American Filk music". Wrai ballard, then editor of the Spectator Amateur Press Society refused to publish it for fear that the article's bawdy content could get them into trouble with the post Office under the comstock laws, but found the typo itself amusing, and mentioned it repeatedly;. Its first documented deliberate use was by karen Anderson in die zeitschrift für vollständigen Unsinn ( The journal for Utter Nonsense ) 774 (June 1953 for a song written by her husband poul Anderson. S also saw the first formal publication of filksongs, generally as lyric sheets, but occasionally complete with (often original) music. While many of those original songs faded into obscurity, some remained popular for decades. By the late 1970s, periodicals such as Kantele and Philk fee-nom-ee-non offered a ready outlet for filk writers. At the 1974 World Science fiction Convention author Bob Asprin announced publicly the creation of a group of volunteers he dubbed the dorsai irregulars, and a singing session ensued later that night. S and 1980s, filking slowly became established as an acknowledged activity at science fiction conventions.
How does weird
Such topics include songs about cats, popular culture, and politics. These are perhaps write best explained as an outgrowth of filk as a folk culture, open in some respects to expansion by individual artists. A significant number of filk songs are parodies, whether in the original sense of simply re-using a tune or in the modern sense of specifically humorous re-use. 6 Some are parodies of songs from popular culture, others are parodies of existing filk songs. Although parody is not the primary focus of the filk music culture, the proportion of parody songs found in filk is higher than in other musical cultures. One subtype of filk songs is the "ose" song, one on themes of death and gloom. The term derives from the word "morose pdf as in "ose, morose, even-more-ose". 7 A further variant is "cheeri-ose ose songs to cheery tunes, or treating such a subject lightheartedly;.
The hobbyist and itinerant nature of filk events (especially filk circles) gives some advantages to acoustic-vocal soloists and small groups, who need only carry a lightweight instrument or pdf two and whose rehearsals do not need to balance scheduling logistics against regular work and other obligations. One of the few rock-style groups in filk has been ookla the mok, whose studio recordings use techniques common in modern rock. Some styles of filk rely heavily on sampling the original source material and integrating it into electronica and hip-hop music such as 76's Objects in Space (an homage to the popular tv show Firefly, which itself featured several filk songs) and dj qbert 's wave. The range of topics in filk songs stems from its cultural roots in fandom. Many songs honor specific works in science fiction, fantasy, or speculative fiction. Other songs are about science, fantasy, computers, technology in general, or values related to technological change. 5 Yet others are about the culture of fandom, including filk itself (both as a phenomenon within fandom, and as a sub-culture). Many filk songs (such as Leslie fish 's " Carmen Miranda's Ghost Is haunting Space Station 3 are humorous while others treat their subjects seriously (like steve macdonald's "Journey's Done. However, some common themes do not fall neatly into filk's science fiction origins.
red or green or blue, but when filkers get together it's the thing." 3 Sociology edit yet another definition focuses on filking as a community of those who are. As described later in this article, the origins of filk in science fiction conventions and its current organization emphasizes the social-network aspect of filking. The social aspect of filk as contrasted with the "performer. Audience" dichotomy of much of modern music was described in a speech by ethnomusicologist. 4 by any of these definitions, filk is a form of music created from within science fiction and fantasy fandom, often performed late at night at science fiction conventions, though there are now dedicated filk conventions in Canada, england, germany, and the usa. The boundaries of filking are vague. For example, filking overlaps with the singing and music performed by participants in the society for Creative anachronism or at larps. Styles and subjects edit In keeping with the folk-culture roots of filk, the musical styles and topics of filk music are eclectic. While a plurality of filk is rooted firmly in acoustic-instrument folk music, other pieces and artists draw inspiration from rock, a cappella vocal groups, or other styles.
As a verb: (intransitive) to participate in filk singing, not necessarily as a planned or organized event, as in "The party guests filked." (transitive) to write a filk music parody of an existing song, humorous or otherwise, as in "I filked '. Hope eyrie '." When used in this way, "filk" does not imply that all song parodies are considered filk music, nor does it imply that all filk songs are parodies. Setting satirical or parody lyrics to established tunes is not exclusively the province of science fiction fandom: works of parody music such as those found in, mad magazine or performed by, weird Al Yankovic have their own long-established traditions and history. As Interfilk's "What is it?" page demonstrates, there is no consensus on the definition of filk. Attempts have been made to define filk based on various criteria. Style and content edit, filk has been defined as folk parts music, usually with a science fiction or fantasy theme, but this definition is not exact. Filkers have been known to write filk songs about a variety of topics, including but not limited to tangentially related topics such as computers and cats. In addition, while the majority of filk songs are in the folk style, other styles such as blues, calypso, and even rock appear from time to time.
Open Rights Group - one week to win a new right
Filk music is a musical culture, genre, and community tied to science fiction/fantasy/horror fandom and a type of fan labor. The genre has been active since the early 1950s, and played primarily since the mid-1970s. Contents, etymology and definitions edit, the term "filk" (originally a typographical error ) predates 1955. 1 (see also below. definitions edit, it is used as a noun: referring to the genre (thus equivalent to "filk music or to a filk song it can also be used to refer to a gathering with the primary purpose of singing filk songs. Such a gathering held in someone's home is called a housefilk "A golf filk of refers to a filksong based on another song, using the same tune and often, but not necessarily, similar structure of plot and/or lyrics. It may be a parody of the original (not necessarily humorous with content referring back to it, or it may be a contrafactum which reuses the music and possibly the lyrical structure of the original, but with different words. Full appreciation of a parody requires familiarity with the original, but appreciation of a contrafactum may not.