100 saudi Arabia edit see also: Alleged saudi role in September 11 attacks While saudi Arabia is often a secondary source of funds and support for terror movements who can find more motivated and ideologically invested benefactors (e.g. Qatar saudi Arabia arguably remains the most prolific sponsor of international Islamist terrorism, allegedly supporting groups as disparate as the Afghanistan Taliban, al qaeda, lashkar-e-taiba (LeT) and the Al-Nusra Front. 101 102 saudi Arabia is said to be the world's largest source of funds and promoter of Salafist jihadism, 103 which forms the ideological basis of terrorist groups such as al-qaeda, taliban, islamic State in Iraq and the levant and others. In a december 2009 diplomatic cable. State department staff (made public in the diplomatic cable leaks the following year. Secretary of State hillary Clinton urged. Diplomats to increase efforts to block money from Gulf Arab states from going to terrorists in pakistan and Afghanistan, writing that "Donors in saudi Arabia constitute the most significant source of funding to sunni terrorist groups worldwide" and that "More needs to be done since.
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89 The financial Times noted Emir Hamad's visit to gaza and meeting with Hamas, another internationally designated terrorist organization. 90 Spanish football club fc barcelona were coming under increasing pressure to tear up their 125m shirt sponsorship contract with the qatar foundation after claims the so-called charitable trust finances Hamas. The fresh controversy follows claims made by the Spanish newspaper El Mundo that the qatar foundation had given money to cleric Yusuf al Qaradawi who is alleged to be an advocate of terrorism, wife beating and antisemitism. 91 In January 2013 French politicians again accused the qatari government army of giving material support to Islamist groups in Mali and the French newspaper le canard enchaîné"d an unnamed source in French military intelligence saying that "The mnla secular tuareg separatists, al qaeda-linked Ansar. 93 In October 2014, it was revealed that a former Qatari Interior Ministry official, salim Hasan Khalifa rashid al-Kuwari, had been named by the. Department of the Treasury as an al qaeda financier, with allegations that he gave hundreds of thousands of dollars to the terrorist group. Kuwari worked for the civil defense department of the Interior Ministry in 2009, two years before he was designated for his support of al qaeda. 94 A number of wealthy qataris are accused of sponsoring the Islamic State of Iraq and the levant. 95 96 In response to public criticism over Qatari connections to isil, the government has pushed back and denied supporting the group. 97 Russia edit see also: Terrorism in Russia alexander. Motyl, professor of political science at Rutgers University argues that Russia's direct and indirect involvement in the violence in eastern Ukraine qualifies as a state-sponsored terrorism, and that those involved qualify as "terrorist groups." 98 Behaviour by russia with its neighbours was named by dalia.
He said that zakiur Rehman lakhvi and Hafiz saeed were seen as heroes in pakistan during the 1990s. He added that later on this religious militancy turned into terrorism and they started killing their own people. He also stated that pakistan trained the taliban to fight against Russia, saying that the taliban Osama bin Laden, jalaluddin Haqqani and Ayman al-Zawahiri were heroes for pakistan however later they became villains. 86 Philippines edit Operation Merdeka was a destabilization plot planned with the objective of establishing Philippine control over Sabah. The operation failed pdf to carry out which resulted in the jabidah massacre. 87 Qatar edit main article: Qatar and state-sponsored terrorism In 2011 the washington Times reported that Qatar was providing weapons and funding to Abdelhakim Belhadj, leader of the formerly. Designated terrorist group, libyan Islamic Fighting Group (lifg) and then leader of the conservative islamist Al-Watan Party. 88 In December 2012 the new York times accused the qatari regime of funding the Al-Nusra Front,. Government designated terrorist organization.
80 Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who has constantly reiterated allegations that militants operating training camps in margaret pakistan have shredder used it as a launch platform to attack targets in Afghanistan, urged western military allies to target extremist hideouts in neighbouring pakistan. 81 When the United States, during the Clinton administration, targeted al-qaeda camps in Afghanistan with cruise missiles, slate reported that two officers of the isi were killed. 82 pakistan is accused of sheltering and training the taliban as strategic asset 83 in operations "which include soliciting funding for the taliban, bankrolling Taliban operations, providing diplomatic support as the taliban's virtual emissaries abroad, arranging training for Taliban fighters, recruiting skilled and unskilled manpower. Pakistan was also responsible for the evacuation of about 5,000 of the top leadership of the taliban and Al-qaeda who were encircled by nato forces in the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan. This event known as the kunduz airlift, which is also popularly called the "Airlift of evil involved several pakistani air Force transport planes flying multiple sorties over a number of days. On may 1, 2011 Osama bin Laden was killed in pakistan, he was living in a safe house less than a mile away from, what is called the west point of pakistan, the pakistan Military Academy. This has given rise to numerous allegations of an extensive support system for Osama bin Laden was in place by the government and Military of pakistan. 84 85 Pervez musharraf, former pakistan President, had admitted in 2016 that pakistan supported and trained terrorist groups like lashkar-e-taiba in 1990s to carry out militancy in Kashmir and pakistan was in favour of religious militancy in 1979.
55 The United Nations Organization has publicly increased pressure on pakistan on its inability to control its Afghanistan border and not restricting the activities of Taliban leaders who have been designated by the un as terrorists. 56 57 Many consider that pakistan has been playing both sides in the us " War on Terror ". 58 59 Ahmed Rashid, a noted pakistani journalist, has accused pakistan's isi of providing help to the taliban. 60 Author Ted Galen Carpenter echoed that statement, stating that pakistan ". Assisted rebel forces in Kashmir even though those groups have committed terrorist acts against civilians" 61 Author Gordon Thomas stated that whilst aiding in the capture of al-qaeda members, pakistan "still sponsored terrorist groups in the disputed state of Kashmir, funding, training and arming them. 74 75 The isi is also accused of supporting Taliban forces 76 and recruiting and training mujahideen 76 77 to fight in Afghanistan 78 79 and Kashmir. 79 Based on communication intercepts us intelligence agencies concluded pakistan's isi was behind the attack on the Indian embassy in Kabul on July 7, 2008, a charge that the governments of India and Afghanistan had laid previously.
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40 41 Libya edit After the military overthrow of King Idris in 1969 the libyan Arab Republic (later the Great Socialist people's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya the new government supported (with weapon supplies, training camps located within Libya and monetary finances) an array of armed paramilitary. Leftist and socialist groups included the Provisional Irish Republican Army, the basque fatherland presentation and Liberty, the Umkhonto we sizwe, the polisario front, the kurdistan Workers' party, the túpac Amaru revolutionary movement, the palestine liberation Organization, popular Front for the liberation of Palestine, free aceh movement. In 2006, libya was removed from the United States list of terrorist supporting nations after it had ended all of its support for armed groups and the development of weapons of mass destruction. 42 Malaysia edit citing Operation Merdeka, an alleged Philippine plot to incite unrest in Sabah and reclaimed the disputed territory, malaysia funded and trained secessionists groups such as the moro national Liberation Front as a retaliation. 43 pakistan edit main article: pakistan and state-sponsored terrorism This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2016) pakistan has been accused by India, afghanistan, israel, united Kingdom, of involvement in Jammu and Kashmir and Afghanistan.
47 Poland has also alleged that terrorists have "friends in pakistani government structures"., the then President of pakistan Asif Ali zardari admitted that the pakistani government had "created and nurtured" terrorist groups to achieve its short-term foreign policy goals. 49 According to an analysis published by saban Center for Middle east Policy at Brookings Institution in 2008, pakistan was the worlds out 'most active' state sponsor of terrorism including aiding groups which were considered a direct threat to the United States. 50 The jammu kashmir Liberation Front (jklf) has stated that it was training more than 3,000 militants from various nationalities. 51 52 According to some reports published by the council of Foreign Relations, the pakistan military and the isi have provided covert support to terrorist groups active in Kashmir, including the al-qaeda affiliate jaish-e-mohammed ". 53 54 pakistan has denied any involvement in terrorist activities in Kashmir, arguing that it only provides political and moral support to the secessionist groups who wish to escape Indian rule. Many kashmiri militant groups also maintain their headquarters in pakistan-administered Kashmir, which is cited as further proof by the Indian government. Many of the terrorist organisations are banned by the un, but continue to operate under different names.
25 pakistan has repeatedly accused India of supporting Baloch rebels, 26 and Wright-neville writes that outside pakistan, some western observers also believe that India secretly funds the bla. 27 In August 2013 us special Representative james Dobbins said pakistan's fears over India's role in Afghanistan were not groundless". 28 A diplomatic cable sent on December 31, 2009, from the. Consulate in Karachi and obtained by wikileaks said it was "plausible" that Indian intelligence was helping the baluch insurgents. An earlier 2008 cable, discussing the mumbai attacks reported fears by British officials that "intense domestic pressure would force delhi to respond, at the minimum, by ramping up covert support to nationalist insurgents fighting the pakistani army in Baluchistan." 29 Another cable dating back. 30 After the june 2017 pakistan bombings, Anwarul Haq kakar, a balochistan government spokesman, said India had a role in the attack in quetta.
31 32 Iran edit main article: Iran and state-sponsored terrorism Former United States President george. Bush accused the Iranian government of being the "world's primary state sponsor of terror." 34 35 Iran's Islamic revolutionary guard Corps was instrumental in founding, training, and supplying hezbollah, a group designated a "Foreign Terrorist Organization" by the United States Department of State, 36 and. 38 This view is not universal, however; for example, the european Union differentiates between the political, social, and military wings of hezbollah, designating only its military wing as a terrorist organization, 39 while various other countries maintain relations with hezbollah. The governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, and Yemen have accused the previous Ahmadinejad administration of sponsoring terrorism either in their or against their, respective countries. The United Kingdom and the United States have also accused Iran of backing Shia militias in Iraq, which have at times attacked coalition troops, Iraqi sunni militias and civilians, and Anglo-American-supported Iraqi government forces. Kuwait edit kuwait is listed as sources of militant money in Afghanistan and pakistan. Kuwait is described as a "source of funds and a key transit point" for al-qaeda and other militant groups.
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The second batch, including ltte intelligence chief Pottu Amman, 19 trained in Himachal Pradesh. Prabakaran visited the first and the second batch of Tamil Tigers to see them training. 20 Eight other batches of ltte were trained in Tamil Nadu. Thenmozhi rajaratnam alias Dhanu, who carried out the assassination of Rajiv gandhi and sivarasan—the key conspirator were among the militants trained by raw, in nainital, india. 21 plan In April 1984, the ltte formally joined a common militant front, the eelam National Liberation Front (enlf a union between ltte, the tamil Eelam Liberation Organization (telo the eelam revolutionary Organisation of Students (eros the people's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (plote) and the. These Indian trained groups later carried out some of the most devastating terrorist attacks in Sri lanka. 22 pakistani government and isi have accused Indian consulates in Kandahar and Jalalabad, Afghanistan, for providing arms, training and financial aid to the balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) in an attempt to destabilize pakistan. 23 24 Brahamdagh Bugti stated in a 2008 interview that he would accept help from India.
S state department blamed wad (a kgb created Afghan secret intelligence agency) for terrorist bombing pakistani cities. 6 7 Between the 1970s and the 1990s, Afghanistan security agencies supported the terrorist organization called Al zulfiqar: the terrorist group that in 1981 hijacked a pakistan International Airlines plane from Karachi to kabul. 8 On, pakistani army chief Qamar javed Bajwa chaired a high-level meeting in Rawalpindi and called on Afghanistan to "do more" in the fight against terrorism. According to the ispr, the attacks in quetta and Parachinar were linked to terrorist sanctuaries in Afghanistan which enjoyed the "patronage of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security (NDS) and India's spy agency research and Analysis Wing." 9 10 India edit India has been accused. 14 India's Research and Analysis Wing has been accused of training and arming the Sri lankan Tamil group, ltte, during points the 1970s when it was not considered a terrorist organization by any country but it later withdrew its support in the 1980s, when the activities. Although the Indian government banned the group, the ltte continued to operate freely and continued to have links with raw until the defeat of the ltte in 2009. From August 19, India, through its intelligence agency research and Analysis Wing (raw provided arms, training and monetary support to six Sri lankan Tamil insurgent groups including the ltte. During that period, 32 terror training camps were set up in India to train these 495 ltte insurgents, 17 including 90 women who were trained in 10 batches. 18 The first batch of Tigers were trained in Establishment 22 based in Chakrata, uttarakhand.
currently lack a mechanism to prosecute terrorist leaders who "instruct, support or succour" terrorism. At the conclusion of the lockerbie trial, some commentators continued to harbor doubts about the legitimacy of the only conviction secured during the trial, and thus also about Libya 's involvement. The domestic trial proved to be insufficient to identify those who had given the instructions. 2 Types of support edit Ideological support edit Ideological support is when a terrorist organization is used to spread a state's ideology. Examples of countries who have used this tactic include the soviet Union and Iran; terrorist organizations founded by these two countries helped spread their respective revolutionary ideologies of communism and Islamic fundamentalism in different countries. Hezbullah is one such organization. Palestinian Islamic Jihad, on the other hand, courted Iran's sponsorship by adopting their ideology in exchange for material aid. These organizations receive some form of indoctrination from the sponsor state, whether it be political, religious, or ideological. 4 by country edit Afghanistan edit Afghanistan's khad is one of four secret service agencies believed to have possibly conducted terrorist bombing in pakistan North-west during the early 1980s; 5 then by late 1980s.
According to the State department there are four types of sanctions imposed on countries who are designated state-sponsors of terrorism under these statutes: restrictions. Foreign assistance, a ban on defense exports and sales, certain controls over exports of dual use items; and miscellaneous financial and other restrictions. Background edit, the use of terrorist organizations as proxies in armed conflicts between state actors became more attractive in the mid-20th century as a result of post. World War ii developments like the increasing costs of traditional warfare and the risk of nuclear war. Speaking about the effect of nuclear capability on traditional military conflict kgb agent Alexander sakharovsky said that "In today's world, when nuclear arms have made military force obsolete, terrorism should become our main weapon." Though state-sponsored terrorism persists in the post-9/11 era, some scholars have. On essay the other hand, daniel Byman believes its importance has increased. Organizations like hamas, hezbollah and Palestinian Islamic Jihad are heavily dependent on state support.
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This article needs attention from an expert in Terrorism. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. Wikiproject Terrorism may be able to help recruit an expert. (July 2018 state-sponsored terrorism resumes is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism. 1 not in citation given, because of the pejorative nature of the word, the identification of particular examples are usually subject to political dispute and different definitions of terrorism. Definition edit, one possible definition is the, state department's List of State Sponsors of Terrorism. The State department designation is authorized by three laws: the. Export Administration Act of 1979, the, arms Export Control Act, and the, foreign Assistance Act. As of July 2018 there are four countries on this list: North Korea, iran, sudan and, syria.