Purpose of review of related literature

purpose of review of related literature

Chapter 2 review of related literature and studies

Apa guidelines : apa style Essentials : overview of common core of elements of apa style. Apa style for Electronic Media and url's : commonly asked questions regarding how to cite electronic media examples of literature reviews : Maguire,. Literature review faculty participation in online distance education: barriers and motivators. Online journal of Distance learning Administration, volume 8,. State University of West georgia, distance Education Center. Return to the Index of How to guidelines.

How to conduct a literature review: Types of Literature

Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant theories. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the usb end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view (a literature is not a series of annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented. On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd.). Resources umd library resources and links : umd library research collections Refworks Import Directions : Links to step-by-step directions on how to important to refworks from different databases Writing guidelines : Purdue owl (Online Writing Lab) : a user-friendly writing lab that parallels with the.

In your final project your literature supermarket review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: ".in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read." Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button). This can then be exported into a microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.

purpose of review of related literature

What is a literature review?

If you best do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) you can create the table using the table feature within book Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. Sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of tables that may be relevant to your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write. In the case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your. And ultimately in your final project.

If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. In RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful.

literature review Tutorial

purpose of review of related literature

From Purpose to Impact - harvard Business review

Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Your role as essay a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.

Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key rashomon descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you.

Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a word Processor, or a concept mapping program like inspiration ( free 30 trial download a data base program (e.g. Access or File maker Pro in an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes.


Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful"s that you may want to include in your review. Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the" when you write your review (as direct"s must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have"d accurately (and to save time in note taking if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer "edit - copy - paste" functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of"s during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use"s very sparingly. The rule i follow is to" only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study. Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into refWorks if you need. Step 4: Analyze the literature, once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: overview the articles : skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into refWorks in the box for User. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories (e.g. Into topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic).

purpose of review of related literature

Step 3: Identify the literature law that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see umd library resource links below for help with this identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic.

Step 1: review apa guidelines, read through the links provided below on apa guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in apa style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. Font, margins, spacing title page, abstract, body, text citations,"tions. Step 2: Decide on a topic. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final. Project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic.

While a summary of year the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Step-by-step guide, these guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, i also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these.

The literature review - communication Studies - research

Guidelines for writing a literature review "How to" guideline series is coordinated by helen Mongan-Rallis of plan the Education Department at the University of Minnesota duluth. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail. Last updated: April 19, 2018. Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have"d directly some of the the steps from: Galvan,. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd.). Glendale, ca: Pyrczak publishing. What is a literature review? A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.


Purpose of review of related literature
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  4. Purpose is not a list of the education, experience, and skills youve gathered in your life. how to guideline series is coordinated by helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University. A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works. This is my marylhurst, an online, internal portal for the marylhurst community. Students can register or drop classes, pay tuition, view grades and get unofficial transcripts.

  5. 9 chapter 2, review of related literature, and studies this chapter presents the related literature and studies after the thorough and in-depth search done by the researchers. This course guide is designed to help faculty, graduate, and undergraduate students in the process of conducting and writing a literature review for any discipline. A literature review is an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study. The review should describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify this literature. At its core, your leadership purpose springs from your identity, the essence of who you are.

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