To be, or not to be: that is the question: Whether tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep; no more; and by a sleep to say we end. The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks. That flesh is heir to, tis a consummation. Devoutly to be wishd. To die, to sleep; to sleep: perchance to dream: ay, theres the rub; For in that sleep of death what dreams may come. When we have shuffled off this mortal coil, must give us pause: theres the respect.
Hamlet s Soliloquies: to be, or not to be - shakespeare Online
Retrieved 3 December 2017. The life and Songs of Carl Michael Bellman: Genius of the analysis Swedish Rococo. Allhem, malmö American-Scandinavian foundation, new York, 1967. Isbn page 61 The original source is mentioned in levertin, Oscar. Introductory Essay to Fredmans Epistles (in Swedish). To be or not to be, that is the question. Read Hamlets famous soliloquy by Shakespeare below, along with a modern translation and explanation of what to be or not to be is about. Weve also pulled together a bunch of facts about the famous soliloquy, and have the 5 most famous film performances of to be or not. To be or not to be is the most famous soliloquy in the works of Shakespeare probably, even, the most famous soliloquy anywhere. That is partly because the opening words rguhs are so interesting, memorable and intriguing but also because Shakespeare ranges around several cultures and practices to borrow the language for his images, and because hes dealing here with profound concepts, putting complex philosophical ideas into the mouth. To be or Not to be: Original Words Spoken by hamlet, Act 3 Scene.
The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke. William Shakespeares Comedies, histories, tragedies Published according to the True originall Copies The "First Folio. Isaac Jaggard ed Blount (London 1623. Hosted at the Internet Shakespeare Editions as First Folio, paper page 773. Accessed Ghose, indira (2010). "Jesting with death: Hamlet in the Graveyard". Issn 0950-236x via taylor francis. "2 b r 0 2 B". "Watch Malcolm x debate at Oxford,"ng Lines from Shakespeare's Hamlet (1964.
Hosted at The Shakespeare quartos Archive as Hamlet, 1603. Huntington Library, image. Accessed 13 December 2013. " Dramaturgy of the Acting Version essay of the first quarto of Hamlet ". Sederi vii (1996. The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke. Newly imprinted and london enlarged to almost as much againe as it was, according to the true and perfect Coppie the "Second quarto". Hosted at The Shakespeare quartos Archive as Hamlet, 1604. Folger Library, images.
The virtuoso soliloquy in Carl Michael Bellman 's Fredman's Epistle " Ack du min moder " was described by the poet and literary historian Oscar levertin as "the to-be-or-not-to-be of Swedish literature". 11 12 References edit act iii, scene i perseus Project. " Perseus:image:1998.04.0773 Image:1998.04.0773 ". The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet Prince of Denmarke. As it hath beene diuerse times acted by his Highnesse seruants in the cittie of London : as also in the two Vniuersities of Cambridge and Oxford, and else-where The "First quarto. Reprinted as The first Edition of the Tragedy of Hamlet: London, 1603. The Shakespeare Press, 1825.
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Hamlet's famous line inspired the title of Kurt Vonnegut's 1962 short story "2 b r 0 2 B" (The zero is pronounced "naught. The narrative takes place in a dystopian future where the United States government, through writing scientific advancement, has achieved a cure for both aging and overpopulation. The alphabetical/numerical reformulation of Shakespeare's lines serves in the story as the phone number for the federal Bureau of Termination's assisted suicide request line. 9 In 1963 at a debate in Oxford, Black liberation leader Malcolm X"d the first few lines of the soliloquy to make a point about "extremism in defense of liberty.". James ' dystopian novel The Children of Men (1992) refers to expected or forced mass suicides of the elderly as "quietus".
The film adaptation Children of Men (2006) portrays a self-administered home suicide kit, labelled "quietus". Star Trek ' s sixth film was named after the "Undiscovered country" line from this soliloquy. References are made to Shakespeare during the film including Klingon translations of his works and the use of the phrase "taH pagh, taHbe' roughly meaning "whether to continue, or not to continue existence." The book (and later film) What Dreams may come also derives its. A shorter Hindi version of "To be, or not to be" was recited by Shahid Kapoor in the 2014 Bollywood film haider. Stargate Atlantis, the season 4 Episode 10 named "This Mortal coil" (2008) after the soliloquy, as well as season 4 Episode 11 named "be all my sins Remember'd" (2008). These episodes involved learning about and fighting the artificial intelligence species Replicator. There are numerous snowclones based the phrase, such as "To hack or not to hack etc.
To be, or not to be, that is the question: Whether tis Nobler in the mind to suffer The Slings and Arrows of outragious Fortune, or to take armes against a sea of troubles, And by opposing end them: to dye, to sleep no more;. 'tis a consummation deuoutly to be wiſh'd. To dye to sleepe, to sleep, perchance to Dream; i, there's the rub, for in that sleep of death, what dreams may come, when we haue ſhuffleld off this mortall coile, muſt giue us pause. There's the respect That makes Calamity of long life: For who would beare the Whips and Scornes of time, the Oppreſſors wrong, the poore mans Contumely, the pangs of diſprizd loue, the lawes delay, the inſolence of Office, and the Spurnes That patient merit. Who would theſe fardles beare to grunt and ſweat vnder a weary life, but that the dread of ſomething after death, The vndiſcouered countrey, from whoſe borne no traueller returnes, puzels the will, And makes vs rather beare those illes we haue, then flye.
Thus Conſcience does make cowards of vs all, And thus the natiue hew of Resolution Is ſicklied ore, with the pale caſt of Thought, And enterprizes of great pith and moment, with this regard their Currants turne away, and looſe the name of Action. Soft you now, The faire Ophelia? Nimph, in thy Orizons be all my ſinnes remembred. 7 Cultural impact edit "To be, or not to be" is one of the most widely known and"d lines in modern English, and the soliloquy has been referenced in innumerable works of theatre, literature and music. Hamlet is commonly depicted as reciting the first line while holding a skull, although both occur at separate times—the soliloquy is done in Act iii, scene I; while the contemplation of the skull is done in Act v, scene. 8 Much of the plot of 1942 sophisticated comedy to be or Not to be, by Ernst Lubitsch, is focused on the monologue of Hamlet; in 1957 comedy film a king in New York, charlie chaplin recites the famous monologue in the shoes of the.
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3 4 Second quarto (1604) edit The text of the second quarto (Q2) is considered the earliest version of the play. In Q2 the whole nunnery scene including 'to be' takes place later in the play than in Q1 where it occurs directly after Claudius and Polonius have planned it 5 and the addition of "Soft you now suggesting that Hamlet has not (or is feigning. To be, owl or not to be, that is the question, Whether tis nobler in the minde to ſuffer The ſlings and arrowes of outragious fortune, or to take armes again in a sea of troubles, And by oppoſing, end them, to die to sleepe. Thus conſcience dooes make cowards, And thus the natiue hiew of reſolution Is ſickled ore with the pale caſt of thought, And enterpriſes of great pitch and moment, with this regard theyr currents turne awry, and loose the name of action. Soft you now, The faire Ophelia, nimph in thy orizons be all my ſinnes remembred. 6 First Folio (1623) edit. William Shakespeares Comedies, histories, tragedies, published by Isaac Jaggard and Ed Blount in 1623 and better known as the " First Folio includes an edition of Hamlet largely similar to the second quarto. The differences in 'to be' are mostly typographic, with increased punctuation and capitalization.
'hope' in place of 'dread for example, considerably changes the meaning. For ease of comparison the spelling here is updated as above. To be, or not to essay be, ay there's the point, to die, to sleep, is that all? Aye all: no, to sleep, to dream, aye marry there it goes, for in that dream of death, when we awake, and borne before an everlasting Judge, from whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at whose sight The happy smile, and the accursed. But for this, the joyful hope of this, Who'd bear the scorns and flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich cursed of the poor? The widow being oppressed, the orphan wrong'd, The taste of hunger, or a tyrants reign, And thousand more calamities besides, to grunt and sweat under this weary life, when that he may his full quietus make, with a bare bodkin, who would this endure, but. Which puzzles the brain, and doth confound the sense, which makes us rather bear those evils we have, than fly to others that we know not. Aye that, o this conscience makes cowards of us all, lady in thy orizons, be all my sins remembered.
the rub, for in that sleep of death, what dreams may come, when we have shuffled off this mortal coil, must give us pause. There's the respect that makes Calamity of so long life: For who would bear the Whips and Scorns of time, the Oppressor's wrong, the proud man's Contumely, the pangs of despised love, the laws delay, the insolence of Office, and the spurns that patient merit. Who would Fardels bear, F: these fardels to grunt and sweat under a weary life, but that the dread of something after death, the undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveller returns, puzzles the will, and makes us rather bear those ills we have, than. Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, and thus the native hue of Resolution Is sicklied o'er, with the pale cast of Thought, And enterprises of great pitch and moment, F: pith with this regard their Currents turn awry, f: away and lose the. Soft you now, The fair Ophelia? Nymph, in thy Orisons be all my sins remember'd. 2 First quarto (1603) edit The " First quarto " (Q1) is the earliest edition of Hamlet but is considered a bad quarto (essentially a theatrical knock-off) rather than a first or earlier draft, and although some parts of Q1 reflect the received text.
Even so, hamlet seems to consider himself alone and there is no indication that the others on stage hear him before he addresses Ophelia. In the speech, hamlet contemplates death and suicide, bemoaning the pain and unfairness of life but acknowledging that the alternative might be worse. The meaning of the speech is heavily debated but seems clearly concerned with Hamlet's hesitation to avenge his father 's murder (discovered in Act I) by his uncle. Contents, this version preserves most of the. First Folio text with updated spelling and five common emendations introduced from the second good quarto (italicized). To be, or not to be, that is the question: Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea assignment of troubles, And by opposing end them: to die, to sleep.
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For other uses, see, to be or Not to be (disambiguation). "Perchance to Dream" redirects here. For other uses, see. Perchance to Dream (disambiguation). to be, or not to be " is the opening phrase of a soliloquy spoken by, prince hamlet in the so-called "nunnery scene" 1 of, william Shakespeare 's play, hamlet. Act iii, scene. Though it is called a soliloquy hamlet is not alone when he makes this speech because. Ophelia is on stage pretending to read while waiting for Hamlet to notice her, and. Claudius and, polonius, who have placed Ophelia in Hamlet's way in order to overhear their conversation and find out if Hamlet is really mad or only pretending, have concealed themselves.